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With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the
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When it comes to graphic design, and working with professional graphic designers Brisbane, one of the numerous techniques that are available to graphic designers is the grid system. Not only does it give a basic premise and starting point for the design work and layout of a page, it is also a simple system that designers turn to, when they are creating content for any number of mediums, from online site design, to magazine layouts.
Content organisation -
The grid system used by Brisbane graphic designers is a method of laying out content, in order to organise that content in a systematic way. By using margins, lines, columns, rows, and grids, the system allows designers to properly lay graphic elements out on a page, and lay them out in the most precise manner. Depending on the detail of the site, the content that is being laid out, and the manner in which it is to be seen by the end viewer, one grid, or a combination of grids can be used through all the pages on a site, in order to keep a uniform style, and to lay out the information and content in a certain manner to the end viewer of the site. Once the end result is displayed on screen (or in a magazine, newspaper, etc), the grid lines are no longer seen, but you can still see the consistent pattern if you look through all content, on all pages.
Types of grids and uses -
When graphic designers Brisbane choose the grid layout for site content, there is really no limit as to how many grids can or should be used, how they should be laid out, or how they should be created. It is simply used as a guide, to help lay out content, and give the pages some uniformity throughout. There is a common layout when it comes to grids, and some of the modifications or additions that can be made include:
- Equally sized 2, 3, or 4 column grids, which have a header at the top of the page, and full page grid of squares.
- Varied line, border, and width columns can be created using this basic pattern.
- Changes of page sises which allow for unique page designs, and content layout.
Using the grid system is a great way to lay out any page; it is a simple way to see all the content that will be used on the page, and how it will look once you are finished. Using the grids also allows designers to see whether everything fits together on the pages, how it looks, and whether changes should be made, prior to actually adding content to the sites.
Break out of grids -
Graphic designers Brisbane use the grid as a premise for design, and content layout; but, once the grid is established, and all content has been laid out, it is up to different designers how they are going to, if they are going to, and at which points in the page they are going to break out of the grid. Simple because designers break out of the traditional “grid”, does not mean that the entire system is ignored by designers; as a matter of fact, they use the grid system in many aspects of design and page layout.
Instead of throwing out the grid system, designers may choose to cross over from one grid to the next on the page layout, they choose to extend certain elements to different areas on the grid, possibly extend page breaks to create continual content, and so forth. By breaking out of the grid, designers are able to create a unique layout, they are able to create distinct content, and they are able to design a page and content that is best suited for the client that they are creating that content for.
Like any other guide or premise, Logo design Brisbane use the traditional grid system as a starting point for laying out content. It creates uniformity on a page, allows them to see what looks best where, and eventually it allows them to create, modify, and recreate the grid, in order to design a truly unique site, and one that is the best possible layout for the client they are working with.
The lower back is critical to our function as a human being. It provides structural support as well as enabling movement in all directions. The lower back is primarily responsible for forward and backward movements and also allows sideways bending and rotation. Another critical function of the lower back is to protect the tissues of the nervous system, spinal column as well as the organs of the pelvis and stomach. As such an essential aspect of our lives it is also susceptible to a number of injuries that cause us pain. The top 8 most common causes are outlined below.
8. Bone Injuries
Fractures of the lumbar spine usually occur after a traumatic event such as a fall or motor vehicle accident. If the fracture is unstable, risk of damage to the spinal cord and permanent paralysis is extremely high. Patients are stabilised and immobilised for long periods. If the fracture is stable patients are treated with rest and pain relief. In some cases people with osteoporosis, or those taking medication such as cortisone long term, can be susceptible to fractures even with minimal stress on the spine. This may cause a crush fracture where the vertebrae loses some of its height. Pain can be severe and is often aggravated by movement.
7. Congenital Inherited Conditions
Some of the common inherited conditions that cause lower back pain include scoliosis which is a sideways curve of the spine, sometimes caused when one leg is shorter than the other (functional scoliosis). You can also get structural scoliosis which is a fixed sideways curve often due to unknown factors, more common in women. Another common congenital cause of lower back pain is a forward slip of the lower lumbar vertebrae on top of the sacrum. This is referred to as spondylolisthesis, which in some cases can be associated with fractures of the joining bones in the vertebrae and is known as a pars defect.
6. Bone Encroachment
Sometimes when the bony canal of the spinal cord and the spaces that the nerves exit can be narrowed by bone spurs or other soft tissues. This can cause sciatic pain which radiates down the leg. Often pain from narrowing of the spinal canal gets worse with walking and improves with rest.
Arthritic changes and inflammation can affect the lumbar vertebrae as well as sciatic joints and can commonly cause lower back pain and stiffness, which is often worse in the morning. Degeneration can also affect the disc and is known as sponydolosis. This shows up on x-rays as narrowing of the lumbar disc joint space.
4. Lumbar Radiculopathy – Damage to a Disc
When the disc is injured or weakens over time the outer rim can bulge or rupture (herniate), putting pressure on the spinal cord and/or the nerves exiting the bones. This can produce both local low back pain as well as sciatica characterised by pain down the leg. It can also be associated with pins and needles, numbness and weakness. In more serious cases, patients may experience problems with bladder and bowel function. They should seek medical attention immediately.
3. Nerve Irritation
The nerves exiting the bones of the lower back can be irritated by pressure from bone, soft tissue, as well as inflammation. Pain can be both local, as well as radiating down the leg.
2. Tendon and Ligament Strains
The soft tissues supporting and connecting the bones of the lower back can be stretched or injured in a number of ways. Commonly there is some sort of microscopic tear of varying degree which is often caused by an acute injury or overuse.
1. Muscle Strain
The most common form of lower back pain is of muscular origin. Muscle pain can be brought on by poor posture, overuse, improper use, sustained positions and even trauma. It is so common because not only is it the primary cause of most lower back pain, it is a significant component of all the other causes of lower back pain. This is because with arthritic changes, structural changes, such as curvature of the lower back, disc disease or even ruptures will all sensitise the muscles. This is why it is essential to understand muscle pain specifically, to learn strategies for prevention as well as self-management long term.
If you, your friend or family member suffer from back pain please do not hesitate to contact one of our friendly Camp Hill physiotherapists on 07 3847 8040. Our Camp Hill physios can also provide treatment from our Camp Hill Physiotherapy practice in Brisbane.